pisco_log
banner

An Evaluation of Cripps’ Population-Tied Schemes

Kaiying Zhu

Abstract


As the world population reaches 7.8 billion in 2020, humanity’s ecological footprint has become one of major global concerns. In this essay, I will explain population-tied schemes for distributing costs to reduce the global ecological footprint as found in Cripps’s paper and discuss the issues related to them. I shall argue that a universal population-tied scheme is not morally defensible at the current stage, while a ‘tailored’ population-tied scheme with modifications is morally defensible.

Keywords


Population-Tied Scheme; Population Policies; Value

Full Text:

PDF

Included Database


References


Hardin, Garrett. “The Tragedy of the Commons,” Science 162, no. 3859 (13th December, 1968): 1243–1248. DOI: 10.1126/ science.162.3859.1243.

Hardin, Garrett. “Living on a Lifeboat,” Bioscience 24, no. 10 (Oct 1974): 561–568.

Cripps, Elizabeth. “Population and Environment: The Impossible, the Impermissible, and the Imperative,” in The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Ethics, edited by S.M. Gardiner and A. Thompson, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016. DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199941339.013.34.

Global Footprint Network,2016.http://data.footprintnetwork.org/?_ga=2.132872966.965564109.1587101578- 1062232488.1586752490#/. Last accessed 18th April 2020.

Hardin, Garrett. “The Tragedy of the Commons,” Science 162, no. 3859 (13th December, 1968): 1243–1248. DOI: 10.1126/ science.162.3859.1243. Kaiying Zhu Volume 9 Issue 3 | 2020 | 87

Hardin, Garrett. “Living on a Lifeboat,” Bioscience 24, no. 10 (Oct 1974): 561–568. https://www.garretthardinsociety.org/ articles_pdf/living_on_a_lifeboat.pdf.

Heyward, Clare. “A Growing Problem: Dealing with Population Increases in Climate Justice,” Ethical Perspectives 19, no. 4 (2012): 703–732. http://www.ethical-perspectives.be/viewpic.php?LAN=E&TABLE=EP&ID=1435.

Parfit, Derek. Reasons and Persons, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984.

Räikkä, Juha. “Coercive Population Policies, Procreative Freedom, and Morality,” Philosophy & Geography 4, no.1 (2001): 67–77. DOI: 10.1080/10903770123420.

Rawls, John. A Theory of Justice, revised edition, Cambridge, Mass.: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1999.

Rawls, John. Justice As Fairness: A Restatement, 2nd edition, edited by Erin. I. Kelly, Cambridge, Mass.: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2001.

Worldometers, Population of India and U.S.A, https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/india-population/ https:// www.worldometers.info/world-population/us-population/ Last accessed 18th April 2020.

World Population Policies Database, https://esa.un.org/PopPolicy/about_database.aspx Last accessed 18th April 2020.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18282/l-e.v9i3.1585

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.