Conflict of Interest

eclarations of interest from all authors should be received before an article can be reviewed and accepted for publication. All authors must disclose all relationships or interests that could inappropriately influence or bias their work. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include but are not limited to financial interests (such as membership, employment, consultancies, stocks/shares ownership, honoraria, grants or other funding, paid expert testimonies and patent-licensing arrangements) and non-financial interests (such as personal or professional relationships, affiliations, personal beliefs).

For authors, while submitting, authors must list all competing interests relevant to this work, such as funding sources, the sponsor’s role in job design, data collection, and analysis of results, whether the author serves on the editorial board of this journal.

For editors and reviewers, editors and reviewers must declare any possible conflicts of interest related to the manuscript, and they must avoid the peer review process if necessary. When editorial board members publish in the journals they serve, the editorial board actively emphasizes it, letting authors know that they sidestep the potential peer review process. Common reasons for editors and reviewers should avoid that he or she is one of the authors of this work, or works at the same organization as one of the authors, has a financial relationship or personal relationship with an author.

If no conflicts exist, the authors should state that the authors declare no conflicts of interest.