A review of human resource management practices and their impact on school performance (2012–2022)

  • Kazi Enamul Hoque Department of Educational Management, Planning, and Policy, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya
  • Mohamed Atheef Department of Educational Management, Planning, and Policy, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya
Ariticle ID: 3392
388 Views, 50 PDF Downloads
Keywords: human resource management practices, school performance, recruitment and selection, training and development, reward and compensation, health and safety


The purpose of this study was to investigate the published literature on human resource management and school performance from January 2012 to December 2022. Numerous literature evaluations have been conducted on human resource management and organizational performance, but school or teacher performance has received less attention than organizational performance. The PICOC (population, intervention, comparison, outcome, and context) technique is integrated into each stage of the PSALSAR framework to assure the study’s objective and comparability. This in-depth research is conducted in three stages: identifying pertinent keywords, screening pertinent papers, and selecting pertinent publications for review utilizing the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Mata Analysis) technique. This made a final database with 44 publications that met the study’s requirements for inclusion. This study reveals that HRM practices and school performance are correlated. The results of the research identify the eight most essential HRM practices for improving school performance, which included planning, organizing, recruitment and selection, training and development, performance management, employee relations and involvement, reward and compensation, health, safety, and work-life balance. Leadership style, motivation, satisfaction, productivity and task performance, competency, culture and climate, empowerment, and commitment were among the performance-influencing elements.


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How to Cite
Hoque, K. E., & Atheef, M. (2024). A review of human resource management practices and their impact on school performance (2012–2022). Human Resources Management and Services, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.18282/hrms.v6i1.3392