A Study on Cold and Hot Executive Function and Theory of Mind in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

  • Wen Hu


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) children are common special children in kindergartens.Understanding their specificity and deficiency in executive function and development of psychological theory is helpful to better carry out all-inclusive education. The cold and hot executive function and theory of mind of 30 groups of ADHD and normal children based on IQ and age matching were measured. The results show that: (1) the accuracy rates of inhibition control, working memory and cognitive flexibility of three sub-components of cold executive function of ADHD children are significantly lower than that of normal children, in which inhibition control is significantly different in tasks of different complexity, while working memory difference is only reflected in complex tasks related to visual space; (2) The total score of hot executive function peep behavior of ADHD children is significantly higher than that of normal children, and the level of attention allocation strategy is lower. (3) There is no significant difference between ADHD and ordinary children's psychological theory ability. In a word, ADHD children's cold and hot executive functions are significantly behind those of ordinary children, and become prominent with the increase of task complexity. Educators should consciously penetrate executive function training into all aspects of ADHD children's daily life through games and attach importance to cultivating their self-control.