### Solar Radiation Energy Issues on Nanoparticle Shapes in the Potentiality of Water Based Cu, Al2O3 and SWCNTs

#### Abstract

Energy is an extensive view for industrial advancement. Solar thermal energy is designed by light and heat which is radiated by the sun, in the form of electromagnetic radiation. Solar energy is the highest promptly and sufficiently applicable authority of green energy. Impact of nanoparticle shapes on the Hiemenz nanofluid (water-based Cu, Al2O3 and SWCNTs) flow over a porous wedge surface in view of solar radiation energy has been analyzed. The three classical form of nanoparticle shapes are registered into report, i.e. sphere (m=3.0), cylinder (m=6.3698) and laminar (m=16.1576). Nanoparticles in the water-based Cu, Al_{2}O_{3} and SWCNTs have been advanced as a means to boost solar collector energy through explicit absorption of the entering solar energy. The controlling partial differential equations (PDEs) are remodeled into ordinary differential equations (ODEs) by applying dependable accordance alteration and it is determined numerically by executing Runge Kutta Fehlberg method with shooting technique. It is anticipated that the lamina shape SWCNTs have dynamic heat transfer attainments in the flow improvement over a porous wedge surface as compared with the other nanoparticle shapes in different nanofluid flow regime.

#### Keywords

#### Full Text:

PDF#### References

A. Sharma, V.V. Tyagi, C.R. Chen, D. Buddhi, Review on thermal energy storage with phase change materials and applications, Renew. Sust. Energy Rev., 13 (2009), pp. 318–345.

A.J. Hunt, Small particle heat exchangers, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory report no. LBL-7841, J. Renew. Sust. Energy (1978).

S. Choi, Enhancing thermal conductivity of fluids with nanoparticle, 66 D.A. Siginer, H.P. Wang (Eds.), Developments and Applications of Non-Newtonian Flows, ASME MD, vol. 231, FED (1995), pp. 99–105.

J. Buongiorno, W. Hu, Nanofluid coolants for advanced nuclear power plants, Paper no. 5705 Proceedings of ICAPP '05, Seoul (2005), pp. 15–19.

J. Buongiorno, Convective transport in nanofluids, ASME J. Heat Transf., 128 (2006), pp. 240–250.

P. Cheng, W. Minkowycz, Free convection about a vertical flat plate embedded in a porous medium with application to heat transfer from a dike, J. Geophys. Res., 82 (1977), pp. 2040–2044.

A. Mufuoglu, E. Bilen, Heat transfer in inclined rectangular receivers for concentrated solar radiation, Int. Commun. Heat Mass Transfer, 35 (2008), pp. 551–556.

R. Kandasamy, I. Muhaimin, A.B. Khamis, R.B. Roslan, Unsteady Heimenz flow of Cu-nanofluid over a porous wedge in the presence of thermal stratification due to solar energy radiation: lie group transformation, Int. J. Therm. Sci., 65 (2013), pp. 196–205.

K. Das, P.R. Duari, P.K. Kundu, Solar radiation effect on Cu-water nanofluid flow over a stretching sheet with surface slip and temperature jump, Arab. J. Sci. Eng., 39 (2014), pp. 9015–9023.

N. Anbuchezhian, K. Srinivasan, K. Chandrasekaran, R. Kandasamy, Magneto hydrodynamic effects on natural convection flow of a nanofluid in the presence of heat source due to solar energy, Meccanica, 48 (2013), pp. 307– 321.

T. Yousefi, F. Veysi, E. Shojaeizadeh, S. Zinadini, An experimental investigation on the effect of Al2O3–H2O nanofluid on the efficiency of flat-plate solar collectors, Renewable Energy, 39 (2012), pp. 293–298.

T. Yousefi, E. Shojaeizadeh, F. Veysi, S. Zinadini, An experimental investigation on the effect of pH variation of MWCNT–H2O nanofluid on the efficiency of a flat-plate solar collector, Sol. Energy, 86 (2) (2012), pp. 771–779.

Y. Kameya, K. Hanamura, Enhancement of solar radiation absorption using nanoparticle suspension, Sol. Energy, 85 (2) (2011), pp. 299–307.

A. Lenert, E.N. Wang, Optimization of nanofluid volumetric receivers for solar thermal energy conversion, Sol. Energy, 86 (1) (2012), pp. 253–265.

Q. He, S. Wang, S. Zeng, Z. Zheng, Experimental investigation on photothermal properties of nanofluids for direct absorption solar thermal energy systems, Energy Convers. Manage., 73 (2013), pp. 150–157.

T. Sokhansefat, A.B. Kasaeian, F. Kowsary, Heat transfer enhancement in parabolic trough collector tube using Al2O3/synthetic oil nanofluid, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 33 (2014), pp. 636–644.

A.N. Al-Shamani, M.H. Yazdi, M.A. Alghoul, A.M. Abed, M.H. Ruslan, S. Mat, K. Sopian, Nanofluids for improved efficiency in cooling solar collectors – a review, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 38 (2014), pp. 348–367.

A. Kasaeian, A.T. Eshghi, M. Sameti, A review on the applications of nanofluids in solar energy systems, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 43 (2015), pp. 584–598.

P. Mohammad Zadeh, T. Sokhansefat, A.B. Kasaeian, F. Kowsary, A. Akbarzadeh, Hybrid optimization algorithm for thermal analysis in a solar parabolic trough collector based on nanofluid, Energy, 82 (2015), pp. 857–864.

M . Sardarabadi, M. Passandideh-Fard, S. Zeinali Heris, Experimental investigation of the effects of silica/water nanofluid on PV/T [Photovoltaic thermal units], Energy, 66 (2014), pp. 264–272.

P. Chandrasekaran, M. Cheralathan, V. Kumaresan, R. Velraj, Enhanced heat transfer characteristics of water-based copper oxide nanofluid PCM (phase change material) in a spherical capsule during solidification for energy efficient cool thermal storage system, Energy, 72 (2014), pp. 636–642.

A.M. Hussein, K.V. Sharma, R.A. Bakar, K. Kadirgama, A review of forced convection heat transfer enhancement and hydrodynamic characteristics of a nanofluid,Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 29 (2014), pp. 734–743.

F. Javadi, R. Saidur, M. Kamalisarvestani, Investigating performance improvement of solar collectors by using nanofluids, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 28 (2013), pp. 232–245.

L. Syam, M.K. Sundar Singh, Convective heat transfer and friction factor correlations of nanofluid in a tube and with inserts: a review, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 20 (2013), 23–35.

Ali. J. Chamkha, A.R.A. Khaled, Similarity solutions for hydro magnetic simultaneous heat and mass transfer, Heat Mass Transf., 37 (2001), pp. 117–125.

M.A. Seddeek, A.A. Darwish, M.S. Abdelmeguid, Effects of chemical reaction and variable viscosity on hydromagnetic mixed convection heat and mass transfer for Heimenz flow through porous media with radiation, Commun. Nonlinear Sci. Numer. Simul., 12 (2007), pp. 195–213.

R. Tsai, J.S. Huang, Heat and mass transfer for Soret and Dufour's effects on Heimenz flow through porous medium onto a stretching surface, Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 52 (2009), pp. 2399–2406.

Gamal Abdel-Rahman, Thermal-diffusion and MHD for Soret and Dufour's effects on Heimenz flow and mass transfer of fluid flow through porous medium onto a stretching surface, Physica B, 405 (2010), pp. 2560–2569.

K. Hiemenz, Die Grenzschicht an einem in den gleichfoÈrmigen FluÈssigkeitsstrom eingetauchten geraden Kreiszylinder, Dingl. Poltech. J., 326 (1911), pp. 321–410.

K .A. YihThe effect of uniform suction/blowing on heat transfer of Magnetohydrodynamic Hiemenz flow through porous media, Acta Mech., 130 (1998), pp. 147–158.

N.G. Kafoussias, N.D. Nanousis, Magnetohydrodynamic laminar boundary layer flow over a wedge with suction or injection, Can. J. Phys., 75 (1997), pp. 733–781.

Anjali Devi, R. Kandasamy, Effects of heat and mass transfer on MHD laminar boundary layer flow over a wedge with suction or injection, J. Energy Heat Mass Transf., 23 (2001), pp. 167–178.

T. Watanabe, Thermal boundary layer over a wedge with uniform suction or injection in forced flow, Acta Mech., 83 (1990), pp. 119–126.

M.A. Hossian, Viscous and Joule heating effects on MHD free convection flow with variable plate temperature, Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 35 (1992), pp. 3485–3492.

Kuo Bor-Lih, Heat transfer analysis for the Falkner–Skan wedge flow by the differential transformation method, Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 48 (2005), pp. 5036–5042.

W.T. Cheng, H.T. Lin, Non-similarity solution and correlation of transient heat transfer in laminar boundary layer flow over a wedge, Int. J. Eng. Sci., 40 (2002), pp. 531–540.

A.A. Avramenko, S.G. Kobzar, I.V. Shevchuk, A.V. Kuznetsov, L.T. Iwanisov, Symmetry of turbulent boundary layer flows: investigation of different Eddy viscosity models, Acta Mech., 151 (2001), pp. 1–14.

E.V. Timofeeva, J.L. Routbort, D. Singh, Particle shape effects on thermophysical properties of alumina nanofluids, Journal of Applied Physics, 106 (1) (2009) 014304.

S.U.S. Choi SUS (2009) Nanofluids: from vision to reality through research, J Heat Transf., 131(2009) 1–9.

E.M. Sparrow, R.D. Cess, Radiation heat transfer, Hemisphere, Washington, 1978.

A. Raptis, Radiation and free convection flow through a porous medium, Int. Comm. Heat Mass Transfer, 25 (1998) 289-295.

M.Q. Brewster, Thermal Radiative Transfer Properties, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1972.

M.A. Sattar, Unsteady hydromagnetic free convection flow with Hall current, mass transfer and variable suction through a porous medium near an infinite vertical porous plate with constant heat flux, International Journal of Energy Research, 18 (1994) 771–77.

S.M. Aminossadati, B. Ghasemi, Natural convection cooling of a localized heat source at the bottom of a nanofluid-filled enclosure, Eur. J. Mech. B/Fluids, 28 (2009) 630–640.

J.C.A. Maxwell, A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism, 2 unabridged 3rd Ed., Clarendon Press, Oxford, UK, 1891.

H. Schlichting, Boundary Layer Theory, McGraw Hill Inc., New York, 1979.

P .V.S.N., Murthy, S. Mukherjee, D. Srinivasacharya, P.V.S.S.S.R., Krishna, Combined radiation and mixed convection from a vertical wall with suction / injection in a non-Darcy porous medium, Acta Mechanica, 168 (2004), 145-156.

F.M. White, Viscous Fluid Flows, third edition. McGraw-Hill, New York, 2006.

K. Vajravelu, K.V. Prasad, Jinho Lee, Changhoon Lee, I. Pop, A. Robert, Van Gorder, Convective heat transfer in the flow of viscous Ag-Water and Cu-water nanofluids over a stretching surface, International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 50 (2011),843-851.

N.G. Kafoussias, N.D. Nanousis, Magnetohydrodynamic laminar boundary layer flow over a wedge with suction or injection, Canadian Journal of Physic, 75 (1997) 733-781.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18282/fme.v1i1.602

### Refbacks

- There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Ramasamy Kandasamy et al.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.